Judicial vs. Non-Judicial Foreclosure: What’s the Difference? | Long Island Landlord Tenant Lawyer

Foreclosure

Foreclosure (Photo credit: zane.hollingsworth)

According to New York state law, Nassau County foreclosures can be either judicial or non-judicial. These terms are unfamiliar to many, and often homeowners are unaware that their house may be eligible for a non-judicial foreclosure.

Judicial Foreclosures 

A judicial foreclosure is the more common type of foreclosure proceeding in the state of New York. In this process, the lender files suit against the borrower for nonpayment. There is typically a lengthy court proceeding to determine if the lender has the rights to the property and if the borrower is truly in default on the loan. During this time, the borrower can offer a defense and may be able to negotiate a settlement with the lender. If the court decides in favor of the lender, the borrower typically has a period of time in which to pay the amount owed. If payment is not made, then the court will authorize the sale of the house, often by public auction.  Most Nassau County foreclosures are of this type.

Non-Judicial Foreclosure

A non-judicial foreclosure is a much faster process than a judicial one. As is evident from the name, this type of foreclosure does not involve the court system. In a state that permits non-judicial foreclosures, buyers sign an additional piece of paperwork when they receive their mortgage. This paper contains some special wording known as a power of sale clause. This clause gives the lender the authority to sell the property if the buyer defaults on their mortgage payments. Since the legal authority has already been granted, this process can occur very quickly. The only warning that an individual may receive of an impending foreclosure is the notice that the house is up for sale. At this point, the borrower has very little time to produce a payment or mount any sort of defense. In fact, since the court system is not involved, the borrower must be the one to file a case to obtain a temporary injunction to prevent the sale. This process can be very fast and scary for an unprepared homeowner.

This sort of legal situation is a perfect example of one of the reasons homeowners should seek legal counsel to protect themselves against Nassau County foreclosures. Potential homeowners may sign paperwork permitting non-judicial foreclosures without even being aware of its inclusion. Those who receive a notice that their home is being sold are nearly completely defenseless without legal guidance. Don’t wait for this kind of scenario to happen to you. Contact Witkon Law today for a free consultation on your potential property purchase and ensure that your home is protected from such summary action.

Why Use A Lawyer for Real Estate Transactions? | Long Island Attorney

real-estate-photography-nicci

real-estate-photography-nicci (Photo credit: shotbynicci)

The state of New York does not require homebuyers to retain the services of a lawyer, but it is an almost universal practice to do so. Individuals relocating from other areas may question the need for legal representation, but there are several reasons that make it the wisest choice.

A Guide Through the Complexity

Real estate transactions in Nassau County can be quite complex, and an experienced lawyer can provide invaluable guidance through the process. Potential homebuyers should choose a lawyer before they even make an offer on a house. A lawyer can help to negotiate the contract with the seller. They can help the buyer to review the terms of the agreement and ask for any needed adjustments. Retaining the services of a competent lawyer will also give the buyer credibility in the negotiating process. If roadblocks are encountered during the purchasing process, a lawyer familiar with the system can help to move things along.

A Protection from Financial Mistakes

With the high prices of real estate in Suffolk County, a home purchase will be a major financial commitment. A competent attorney can help protect buyers from making costly mistakes that they will later regret. Many home purchases in the New York City area involve co-ops. In these cases, the lawyer will review the finances and board meeting minutes of the co-op. Because of his familiarity with these groups, he may spot potential problems that the more inexperienced homebuyer would have missed.

An Advocate Without Bias

The process of purchasing and selling a home can be emotionally charged for everyone involved. The seller is trying to complete the transaction to obtain the cash purchase price; the buyer is attempting to procure a piece of property; and each real estate agent is interested in earning his or her commission. The real estate lawyer is the only completely unbiased party involved. This detachment can be very useful by providing an objective opinion and voice that can help the buyer make reasoned decisions instead of emotional ones.

The attorneys of Witkon Law have a great deal of experience in dealing with real estate transactions. They will be glad to serve as your guide, protection, and advocate to ensure that you have the best possible outcome. If you are planning to make a home purchase in Suffolk or Nassau County, contact the office today for a free consultation.